Bio diesel is a renewable fuel made from biomass. The most of American bio diesel is produced from vegetable oils and animal fats. Bio diesel can be used in the same way as diesel fuel made from petroleum. In 2017 United States, according to the report, the main feed-stock of making bio diesel is about Soybean oil 52%, Animal fats 10%, 10% of Animal fats, Canola oil 13% and recycled feed-stocks, such as used cooking oils and yellow grease 12%.
Bio-diesel is usually mixed with petroleum diesel in a ratio of 2% (called B2), 5% (B5) or 20% (B20). Bio diesel can also be used as pure bio-diesel (B100). Bio diesel fuel can be used in conventional diesel engines without any changes to the related engine. Bio-diesel blends are also used as heating oils. Bio diesel can be stored and transported using petroleum diesel fuel tanks and related equipment. Bio-diesel can be used nationwide. It can be purchased directly from bio diesel producers and marketers, oil distributors or a few public retailers across the country.
Present situation and outlook
Bio-diesel is reducing U.S. dependence on foreign petroleum, creating jobs and improving the environment. With more than a decade of commercial-scale production, the industry prides itself on its cautious growth and strong focus on sustainability. The bio-diesel market has grown from about 25 million gallons in the early 2000s to more than 2.8 billion gallons of advanced bio fuels in 2016. This represents a small but growing segment of the US’s annual road diesel market of approximately 35 billion to 40 billion gallons. . Consistent with the expected supply of raw materials, the industry has set a target of producing about 10% of the diesel transportation market by 2022.
Progress U.S. Economy
Achieving this goal will greatly reduce the United States’ dependence on imported oil, strengthen national security and reduce trade deficits. At the same time, the growth of biodiesel will drive US economic growth not only through job creation, but also by reducing dependence on the global oil market and vulnerability to price spikes. There are currently about 200 biodiesel plants nationwide – from Washington State to Iowa to North Carolina – with the capacity to produce approximately 3 billion gallons of fuel. The industry is supporting nearly 48,000 jobs, creating billions of dollars in GDP, household income and tax revenue. As production continues to grow, the economic impact of the industry will increase significantly. The industry supports work in all areas, from manufacturing to transportation, agriculture and services.
New technology to lower cost
Bio-diesel is produced using a variety of resources. In recent years, this diversity has grown significantly, helping to shape a flexible industry that is constantly looking for new technologies and materials. In fact, the industry’s demand for low-cost, reliable sources of oil has spurred promising research into next-generation materials such as algae and flax.
There are a lot of benefits to compel us to use bio diesel as replacement of original fuel and normal diesel, so bio-diesel’s development is very important in the future for every country because of its friendly environment, renewable resources and less toxic and biodegrades.